Are Cats Safe To Eat Chocolate?
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Chocolate is known to be a very harmful food when consumed by dogs. However, did you know that this one sweet food is also just as dangerous if consumed by cats. So, do not occasionally give chocolate to cats, either domestic cats or stray cats on the street. 

Chocolate is a less common food to give to cats, probably because they can't taste sweet things. In addition, if the cat eats chocolate, then the toxicity that occurs can be as severe as that of the dog.

What makes chocolate toxic to cats?

The compounds that make chocolate a satisfying treat for humans turn out to be very dangerous for dogs and cats. Chocolate contains a small amount of caffeine and a large amount of theobromine-related compounds. These compounds are known as methylxanthines, and both contribute to symptoms of intoxication.

In general, the concentration of caffeine and theobromine in chocolate is proportional to the amount of cocoa present. Darker chocolate and roasted chocolate are the most harmful, even in small amounts. Even white chocolate also has the potential to cause symptoms of poisoning in cats. So, whatever the form, chocolate consumption in cats should be taken seriously.

Symptoms Of Chocolate Poisoning Cats

Clinical signs usually appear within 6-12 hours after ingestion and may persist for up to three days in severe cases. Any of the following clinical signs should be addressed immediately if they occur in cats: 

These symptoms can develop very quickly. Changes in heart rate and rhythm can cause low blood pressure, while tremors and muscle spasms can cause very high body temperature. If left untreated, these changes can be fatal. 

If you find a cat has just consumed chocolate, then immediately discuss with the vet near your home what steps you should take as initial help. The vet will give you advice and actions that you may be able to take immediately to prevent the cat from experiencing unwanted things. 

Unless directed by a veterinarian, please leave it to an expert and never use hydrogen peroxide to make a cat vomit. This can cause gastritis pain or severe inflammation of the stomach wall in cats.

Prepare the following information when you want to take your cat to the vet, if possible:

What Will A Veterinarian Do If A Cat Eats Chocolate?

The treatment of ingesting chocolate will vary from case to case, but usually includes some of the following treatments:

Decontamination

The first step is to remove as much chocolate as possible from the cat's stomach. Cats are very difficult to induce vomiting, even with medications available at the veterinarian's office. If inducing vomiting is unsuccessful, and the potential toxicity is severe, some cats will be given activated charcoal to bind the poison or anesthetized and their stomachs pumped. The less toxins are absorbed, the less likely the development of severe side effects.

Supportive Care

For cats that show symptoms of poisoning, it is likely that they will have to be treated in a veterinary clinic or hospital. The veterinarian will select a combination of medications that target specific symptoms. The doctor will also use fluid therapy to support the heart and blood pressure, as well as help the cat's body remove toxins faster.

Reference: petslicious.net

Author(s): Geds Lauren
Published at: 23 Jun 2022 16:16 GMT
Original link (login required): https://ilde.upf.edu/pg/lds/view/341605/