Quiz - Video - Reflect
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Design Pattern: Quiz - Video - Reflect


Videos are a very popular medium in MOOCs, but research shows that retention of knowledge from videos is very poor. Among the reasons for this are mindlessness: videos are a passive experience, and hence learners enter the video with a low level of attention, and do not take actions to consolidate the knowledge they have gained (and shift it from short-term to long-term memory).


This pattern is intended for the designers of MOOCs and other online courses which make use of video segments as part of the course flow.


  1. Present learners with a quiz that primes their attention, but bringing to their attention something they don't know. In other words - the quiz should not cover material that has already been presented, but serves as a prompt for content that will be offered after it.
  2. Present a SIX MINUTE VIDEO that responds to the unanswered questions from the quiz.
  3. Present learners with an open reflective question, to answer in a shared space. e.g. "summarise the video in your own words, post your summary to the discussion forum" or "did the video answer the question from the quiz? share your views on the discussion forum"


The Amnesty Rights1X MOOC used this pattern quite a lot.

Data and References

A quiz before the video acts as an ideal form of formative assessment - showing learners not just what they know and what they don't, but also leading them to a remedial experience.

Reflecting on a passive experience has been shown to consolidate the knowedge from that experience in memory (Bird et al, 2015). Asking learners to answer an open question triggers this process.

Bird, C. M.; Keidel, J. L.; Ing, L. P.; Horner, A. J. & Burgess, N. (2015), 'Consolidation of Complex Events via Reinstatement in Posterior Cingulate Cortex', The Journal of Neuroscience 35 (43), 14426-14434 


Author(s): Yishay Mor
Published at: 01 Dec 2015 11:22 GMT
Original link (login required): https://ilde.upf.edu/moocs/pg/lds/view/3543/