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Design Pattern: See-do-share

Create activities that encourage learners to explore, engage with, and then share new concepts and practices to help make them meaningful in a short time frame.


Many courses cover a wide variety of topics that need to be introduced and then explored with the aim of engendering both deep insights and practical use. This is difficult when learners are distributed across the world and direct contact between facilitators and learners will be sporadic. This problem is amplified when some learners will follow a predefined path, others will chart their own path, and others will only visit selected activities. Therefore how do you introduce new concepts, tools or practices, in a way that would be accessible and meaningful, assess learners understanding, and facilitate the emergence of social constructs, with limited resources and large number of students?



This pattern is applicable for MOOCs that are following a collaborative project-based pedagogy with large numbers of registered participants, and when it is impossible to predict how many will actually show up. Here we expect variety in participant approaches where a significant portion of participants may follow through the MOOC, dedicating 3-10 hours a week, while others may only participate casually, dipping in and out and choosing the activities they want to complete.


Lead participants through a cycle of active engagement with the learning materials by promoting the following activities:
•    Study - read a short text / view a video presenting the rationale and the core ideas.
•    Review - examine and critique a worked example.
•    Play - experiment with the tool / method.
•    Do - perform a structured task, using the tool / method, and produce outputs.
•    Share - publish these outputs to the web, and link to them from a shared space.
•    Assess - review your peer's productions.
•    Reflect - post an entry to your learning journal
•    Discuss - participate in an online discussion.

Potential variations to this cycle include: 
•    Research (in more depth) before or in parallel to the Do. 
•    Discuss before Reflect, or Reflect - Discuss - Reflect.
•    Demonstrate (after discuss): bring together whatever you think demonstrates what you got out of the activity, display it and apply for a badge.



•    This pattern was the core structure of most activities in the OLDS MOOC. It was later reused by the HandsonICT MOOCs.
•    This approach was used as core activity structure in the MUVEnation project (Warburton, 2009) and the CarerPlus project (Warburton 2014).



Originally posted on the OLDS MOOC blog

Data and References

Author(s): Yishay Mor, Steven Warburton
Published at: 02 Jun 2015 10:35 GMT
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